Affected by the international peach market price, the price of domestic peaches climbed all the way. The purchase price was maintained at 2-3.6 yuan/kg, the average price was 2.6 yuan/kg, and the average production value of Huangtaoyuan was all at 7800 yuan/mu, which was higher than that of Dawan. Yuan, generally 2-5 times that of ordinary Taoyuan, is very significant economic benefits. Due to the impact of price-related benefits, it will be a period of rapid development in the next 1-3 years. To this end, we should remind fruit growers to pay attention to the following issues.
1, pay attention to select good varieties. The variety of yellow peaches used for processing canned meat requires insolubility, tight meat, elasticity, little juice, sticky nucleus, no red silk in the pulp, and no redness near the nucleus; it also requires large chunks of fruit and moderate sourness and sweetness. Processing into canned shiny, bright, not bad, not soft, not soup. In the process of development, we must choose good varieties such as Jintong 19, Jintong No. 6, Jintong No. 7, 813, Cans 5, Cans 14, Stars, Chrysanthemum and other varieties with good processing performance.
2, control the scale, moderate development. According to reports, due to frost damage in South America, Greece, and other large peach producing countries in 2003, the production of yellow peaches was significantly reduced. Some canners in the international community have turned orders to China and increased orders for domestic peach processing companies. In order to complete the order, the demand for yellow peach raw materials increased substantially, leading to continued price increases. It is predicted that in recent years, the price of yellow peaches will definitely be higher than that of fresh foods, and there will be a small period of development. A moderate development will help improve the economic benefits of Taoyuan, but don't expect too much. As raw materials rose and the finished product market price remained stable, the profit margin of the processors would decrease. It is estimated that the general 1200 kg of yellow peaches will produce 1,000 kg of finished products, and the market price for 1,000 kg of finished products will generally be 5000-8000 yuan. If the yellow peaches are acceptable at 1.5 yuan/kg, and at 2.6 yuan/kg, the processing companies are no longer profitable. It is possible that with the increase in prices, processing companies will be converted. Although on the face of it, the higher the price is, the more beneficial the fruit growers are, but if they exceed the capacity of the processing companies, once the company is transformed, the peach industry will suffer a major blow. Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the contact with the processing companies, it is best to develop in the form of orders, and strictly control the scale, and do not go all the way.
3, high exchange is the development of the way. When peach varieties are updated, they will take the newly planted roads. However, in the development of yellow peaches, the method of replacing them with high ones should be used to achieve early benefits. In the spring, when the long or multiple shoots were replanted in the second year, it would produce high yields, and in the third year, it would reach the full fruit level, reaching the full fruit period 2-3 years earlier than the new planting.
4, timely harvest, pay attention to improve fruit quality. Processed peaches should be harvested at the maturity of eight or nine, and the finished product's flavor will be good. Some varieties have a high degree of maturity when the flesh, near the nuclear red silk or blush, such as cans when the nine mature near the nuclear red silk, but not when the seven mature. In particular, solute species should be harvested at the maturity of July and August in order to reduce the loss of peach and other processing in the processing procedure. Harvesting is too early, the quality of the fruit is poor, and harvesting is too late, which affects the quality of processed products.
5, reasonable mix of early, middle and late-maturing varieties. In the development process, we must pay attention to the reasonable mix of early, middle and late-maturing varieties, and mis-explore the supply period to facilitate the acquisition and processing of processing plants.
6, pay attention to fertilizer management. After the fruit is harvested, the basal fertilizer should be applied in time before falling leaves. Generally, 3000-5000 kg/mu of compost should be applied, 100 kg/mu of compound fertilizer should be applied, and 50 kg/mu of superphosphate and bio-potassium fertilizer should be mixed. Fertilizer is recommended. The production of 100 kilograms of peach fruit requires 0.8 kg of pure nitrogen, 0.6 kg of phosphorus pentoxide, and 1 kg of potassium oxide. Pay attention to top dressing before and after germination, before and after flowering, hard core, fruit enlargement and postharvest. In particular, topdressing during fruit enlargement should be dominated by potash fertilizer, and phosphorus and nitrogen should be combined. For example, the amount of nitrogen fertilizer applied to middle and late-maturing varieties should account for 20% of the whole year (the tree vigor can be less or not applied), and the amount of phosphate fertilizer accounts for the entire amount. 20-30% of the year, potassium fertilizer accounted for 40%, in order to improve fruit quality and yield. At the same time, topdressing should be combined with watering to increase fertilizer efficiency.
7. Strengthen flowering management. To carry out fruit thinning and fruit thinning, in order to improve the quality of fruit, the fruit production and fruiting shall be carried out, and the yield shall be controlled below 3,000 kg/mu. The sparse flower shall be the main and the fruit thinning shall be supplemented. The fruit thinning mainly removes the deformed fruit, disease and fruit, Yellow fruit, to ensure a larger fruit, better quality.
8, simplify pruning, pay attention to solve the light. The shape of the tree is a happy one. Mainly summer pruning, supplemented by winter pruning. Xia Jian solves the problem of light, winter shear solves the structural problem, and pays attention to cultivating the backbone, so as to bear the burden and the annual high yield. Pruning focuses on sparse and shrinking. Pay attention to removing the absurd branches on the back, peripheral dense branches, and some thin and weak branches to improve lighting. Saplings should pay attention to pulling branches in order to increase the angle of the main branches and prevent the result parts from moving too fast. The aging branch group and some long-distributed main lateral branches must be retracted and renewed in time. Attention should be paid to the cultivation and renewal of the resulting branch groups in order to maintain the advantage of robust results.
9, comprehensive prevention and control of pests and diseases. Peach diseases and pests mainly include bacterial perforation, peach scab, powdery mildew and peach aphid, peach leaf miner, red neck beetle and so on. During the dormant period and the budding period, the Taoyuan cleaning work shall be carried out to remove the branches and leaves of the pests in time, and deep-turning the orchards by 20-30 centimeters in winter; during the germination period, 5 bumeido limestone sulfuric acid sprays shall be sprayed; after 15 days of flowering, 1 spray of 70% Manganese zinc 800 times, plus spray 1 times 10% imidacloprid 2000 times; growth period spray 1-2 times 1:2:200 times lime, zinc sulfate solution, in mid-June plus 1000 times 70% thiol Bujin and 2,500 times diflubenzuron solution No. 3; 50% carbendazim 700 times solution and 1% avermectin EC 5000 times solution 20 days before harvest, and 65% zeocin was produced after fruit extraction. 400-500 times liquid; to strengthen the prevention and control of red neck beetles, there are insect tracks, use 80% cotton larvae dichlorvos 50 times blocking the crossing for smoke killing, when the external excrement of feces, it is timely to use fine Wire hooked.
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