Grass-grass and grain-saving goose management technology

Goose breeding

Goose is a herbivorous type of poultry, its growth and development requires a large amount of green feed and some roughage, green feed is the main source of its nutrition, therefore, can use the hilly, hillside, grassland, edge of the farmland, ditch, canal, roadside sporadic Grassland, as well as wheat, rice and other harvested grazing lands are grazing. In these places, geese can use wild pastures such as leech, bitter leeks, dandelion, corn grass, grey vegetables, etc. These weeds not only have high nutrient content, but are rarely contaminated, and can also achieve grain-saving purposes. . Goose farmers buy goose seedlings in spring and summer. After 1 week of age, they begin to grazing at the temperature of the rear sight and feed at night. They are sold in autumn and winter. Each geese consumes only 4 kg to 5 kg of compound feed and can make more than 15 yuan of profit. In the author’s area, some goose farmers (500 in each batch) used gems and weeds in riverbanks, wild rivers and gourds in rivers, wheat ash in flour mills, and japonica rice to raise geese and achieved good economic benefits.

Wheat field geese

Wheat breeding geese have no adverse effects on the growth of wheat, and at the same time provide sufficient feed for the geese to achieve the goal of increasing grain and poultry for common development. Geese eat wheat leaves in the wheat field, 40 to 60 candied geese per mu, and can increase the benefit of 600 yuan to 900 yuan per mu. The specific points are as follows:

Choose the proper variety of goose and wheat

Goose species are resistant to rough-feeding, fast-growing four-season geese, Longchang geese, and Yangzhou geese. Wheat seeds are selected to suit the local climate and soil structure.

Suitable sowing

For wheat varieties with wheat geese, the sowing date should be 7 days to 10 days earlier. In order to provide sufficient wheat leaves, the sowing rate per acre should be 1.5 kg~2 kg more than the conventional amount.

Appropriate fertilization

In general, about 8 kg of urea will be applied before and after December 20th and January 20th to promote early preemergence of wheat seedlings. After the end of February, when the jointing of wheat should stop grazing, reapplying joint fertilizer, pregnant panicle fertilizer, increase the application of 10 kg of urea per acre, and do a good job in the restoration of wheat seedlings in the later period, to truly achieve the purpose of double increase.

Grazing Management

Miao goose is generally purchased in about 50 hectares per acre in mid-December, and after 20 days of indoor breeding, he is gradually grazing in wheat fields until the meat and geese are sold at the end of February. During the grazing period, it should be managed by special personnel to divide the wheat field into several small areas for rotational grazing. During grazing, the geese should be in a “one” shape team and be horizontally discharged. The wheat leaves should be taken vertically and the geese should be sprinkled in the fields to improve the soil. , to reduce the amount of pesticides in the field, is conducive to the pollution-free production of wheat, it is important to note that wheat grazing and pasture grazing is different, the geese must be tuned to avoid running around, it is best to use the "head goose" collarage effect better. During the whole day of grazing, gooses should be fed a compound feed at night, usually bran and grains, and 1.5% bone meal, 2% shell powder, and 0.3% salt should be supplemented to promote normal bone growth and prevent osteomalacia. And stunted.

Forest Park Geese

This model is based on the premise of not occupying the cultivated land, the use of orchards or undergrowth grazing on the grass, is a pollution-free ecological geese model, because the geese in the grazing only feed on the weeds in the forest, but not the leaves Bark will not cause harm to fruit trees, especially young forests. Linyuan goose generally has three forms:

Deciduous forest (fruit forest)

In deciduous forests, geese can be planted each year in autumn when the leaves are sparse, sowing ryegrass in the forest vacant land, starting in March of the next year to raise geese, the implementation of wheel grazing, when the ryegrass season, the forest weeds can be used as goose Feed, geese can increase soil fertility. In this way, the four seasons can raise geese.

Evergreen Forest Goose

The geese in evergreen forests mainly rely on wild weeds. Some shade-tolerant pastures such as white clover can be properly sown to supplement the shortage of wild weeds. Grazing methods are generally used.

Young forest goose

Young geese in young forests can make use of the small size of the trees and the sunny nature of the forested open spaces. They plant large amounts of pasture, such as ryegrass, chicory, and red and white clover, and make full use of the forest space resources to raise geese. After the trees are thick, they can use the above There are two ways to raise geese.

No matter what form of forestry geese should pay attention to appropriate supplements to meet the nutritional needs of the growth and development of geese, while the forest fruit trees during the application should stop grazing for some time. For forest gardens with large areas of trees and woodland, goose sheds can also be built in forests, which can reduce land occupation and facilitate management.

Straw goose

This method is mainly to use crop stalks such as corn, hawthorn vines, etc., and crush it for silage, or use peanut vines and stems, pods, shells and other crops processed into grass powder with some fine material used to raise geese.

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