Ornamental pepper is a perennial herb belonging to the genus Capsicum of the Solanaceae family. Because of its low ornamental value, it is often cultivated as a flower or two. Stem stout, much branched, leaves green, flowers white. The fruit is berry, solitary or clustered, erect, slightly sloping or sagging. Fruits vary in shape, such as balls, cones, fingers, shofar, wind chimes, and persimmons. Before ripening, depending on the variety, the fruit has green, white, black and purple colors, and after ripening, it is bright red, yellow, orange, purple brown, black purple and other colors. Its surface is shiny, smooth and smooth, like wax crafts. The types of ornamental peppers are mainly colored pepper, Chaotian pepper, cherry pepper, bergamot pepper, chicken heart pepper, yellow flying saucer, tomato pepper, red admiralty, bullet head, croissant pepper and so on.
Ornamental pepper native to Central America, hi sunny and warm and dry environment, high temperature, hi fertilizer, avoid drought and lack of light, not cold, half shade, suitable for growth in fertile, loose, moist soil. The pot soil can be mixed with garden soil, rot leaf soil and sand soil, and a small amount of cooked cake fertilizer or superphosphate can be mixed into the base fertilizer. During the growing season, it is kept outdoors in a sunny place and it is not shaded even in the middle of summer. Usually keep the basin soil moist but not water, pay attention to the rainy season to prevent flooding. During the flowering period, the plants can be regularly sprayed with water, and the amount of watering can be appropriately reduced to help pollination and fruit setting, but the soil should not be too wet so as to avoid falling due to water. The diluted liquid fertilizer or compound fertilizer is applied once every 7 to 10 days, and nitrogen fertilizer is the main seedling stage to promote the growth of the leaves. Phosphorus and potassium fertilizers should be applied more after fruit set, provide adequate nutrition, and fruit growth and development until the fruit through the color up. During cultivation, when the true leaves of ornamental peppers reach about 10 slices, the top growth point should be cut off, and the â€œtopping heartâ€ should be called to promote branching and result. During the growth period, attention should be paid to pruning and brushing the shoots to remove the branches that affect the appearance of the plant in order to maintain a neat and complete canopy form, and ensure that the plants have good ventilation and light transmission, and increase the fruit setting rate and fruit ornamental value. When the skin of ripe fruit is wrinkled, pay attention to harvesting so that it can bloom continuously and the result. In the winter, when the room is shifted to about 10Â°C, the plants are often sprayed with water to prevent the fruit from shrinking due to air drying. The viewing period can be extended to December. Ornamental pepper can also be planted in teapots, teacups, craft bamboo and other vessels, after trimming and wire, copper wire and other methods of modeling, made bonsai or potted plants.
Ornamental peppers can be planted in spring or autumn, and they will emerge 7 to 10 days after sowing, and 3 to 5 true leaves will appear as seedlings.
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