First, the main features of the security cigarette number one
1. The appearance quality of the original cigarette of Anyan No. 1 is better than that of the control variety K326.
In the 2006 and 2007 regional trials of national varieties of flue-cured tobacco and the results of the 2008 production test, the indicators of the appearance quality of the original tobacco smoke samples No. 1 and No. 9 were superior to the control variety K326. In particular, the degree of looseness of the upper leaves of Anyan No. 1 was significantly better than that of the control K326 and the middle leaves, which was significantly higher than that of the control K326.
2. The smoke-containing stem rate of Anfu No. 1 was significantly lower than that of the control variety K326.
According to the test result of the Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute's tobacco leaf samples from Fujian Taining, Nanxiong, Guangdong and Guiyang, Hunan in 2008, the average incidence of upper stems in Anyan No. 1 was 27.51%, which was lower than that of the control K326 (33.80%). At 6.29 percentage points, the average rate of tobacco stems in central China was 30.55%, which was 5.97 percentage points lower than that of the control K326 (36.52).
3. The proportion of the original smoke chemical composition of Anyan No. 1 is coordinated.
The content of nicotine in Anyan No. 1 was slightly lower than that of the control K326, and the sugar content, sugar-alkali ratio, and potassium-chlorine ratio were slightly higher than that of the control variety K326, and the proportions of various chemical components were coordinated.
4. The tobacco aroma quality of Anyan No. 1 was better than the control variety K326.
In the appraisal and appraisal of the middle leaves of 17 points, the aroma quality reached the grade of â€œmiddle and upper partâ€, the number of the safety cigarette number was 3 points, and that of the K326 was 1 point.
5. The quality of the upper leaf tobacco of Anyan No. 1 is better than that of the control K326, and the quality of the middle leaf tobacco is similar to that of the K326.
In the regional trials of national tobacco varieties in 2006 and 2007, the Zhengzhou Tobacco Research Institute evaluated the evaluation results of the central tobacco leaf samples. The sensory quality of Anfu No. 1 was comparable to that of K326.
In 2009, the National Tobacco New Variety Industry Evaluation Evaluation Expert Group evaluated the results of the 2008 national production test tobacco leaf samples. The sensory quality of the upper leaf of Anyan No. 1 was better than that of K326, and the sensory quality of middle leaf was slightly inferior to that of K326.
6. The main economic traits of Anyan No. 1 were significantly better than the control K326.
According to the results of many years of experiments, the average mu yield of Anyan No. 1 was 158.24 Kg/mu, which was 5.31Kg/mu higher than that of the control K326. The average output value of the per mu was 1555.53 yuan, an increase of 194.37 yuan/mu from the control; the average price was 9.81 yuan. / Kg, an increase of 1.00 yuan/Kg compared with the control; the proportion of fine smoke was 42.10%, 8.54 percentage points higher than the control, and the proportion of upper and middle smoke was 82.64%, 4.41 percentage point higher than the control.
Production test results of Xuancheng point in Anhui Province in 2008: The output of An tobacco No. 1 was 178.20 kg/mu, which was 6.75 kg/mu higher than that of the control variety K326; the output value of the mu was 2,248.87 yuan/mu, which was 396.79 yuan more than the control variety K326/mu; The price was 13.85 yuan/kg, an increase of 1.76 yuan/kg compared with the control variety K326; the proportion of fine tobacco was 40.39%, an increase of 23.31 percentage points compared with the control variety K326; the proportion of upper and middle smoke was 85.06%, an increase of 12.88 percentage points compared with the control variety K326.
In 2008, the results of the production test at the Nanxiong site in Guangdong Province: the output of the No. 1 Anbu was 155.78kg/mu, 5.53 kg/mu higher than that of the control K326, and the yield per mu was 2235.44 yuan/mu, an increase of 298.72 yuan/mu over the control K326; The average price was 14.35 yuan/kg, which was 1.46 yuan/kg higher than that of the control variety K326; the proportion of fine tobacco was 61.3%, which was 13.0 percentage points higher than that of the control variety K326; the proportion of upper and middle smoke was 95.80%, 0.20 percentage point higher than the control variety K326.
7. The disease resistance of Anyan No. 1 is comparable to the control K326.
According to the results of regional trials of national varieties of flue-cured tobacco in 2006, 2007, and 2008, the results were as follows: anti-black shank, bacterial wilt in Anyan No. 1, middle-sensing brown spot disease, root knot nematode disease, and PVY, TMV, and CMV.
8. The plant type structure of Anyan No. 1 is more reasonable than the control variety K326.
The average planting height of the No. 1 Anfu cigarette was 110.98cm, which was 23.58cm higher than that of the K326 (87.40cm). The average number of harvested leaves was 19.9, the average loin length was 70.02cm, and the average loin width was 30.54cm, which was higher than that of the K326. (26.98cm) Width 3.56cm, pitch average 5.62cm, 1.45cm longer than K326 (4.17cm), which is conducive to ventilation and light transmission in the field.
9. The field growing period of Anyan No. 1 is slightly shorter than that of the control K326
As a result of years of experimentation, the average growth period of the field in Anyan No. 1 was 118.25 days, which was 1 day shorter than that of K326 (119.25 days).
10, An smoke number is easier to bake than K326
Ansuyan No. 1 blade is of moderate thickness, mature yellow, obvious and easy to bake, especially the upper blade is easier to bake than the K326.
II. The key points of cultivation and modulation technology of Anyan No.1
1, sowing: timely sowing, timely transplanting, seedling age of 70 days or so.
2. Fertilization: On tobacco No.1, the amount of fertilizer needed is moderate, and K326 can be used for reasonable fertilization. The appropriate amount of nitrogen applied in southern Fujian tobacco area is: 25kg of cooked rapeseed cake, 7.5kg of pure chemical nitrogen, and 6.5kg of chemical pure nitrogen per 667m2. Potassium is 1:1 to 1.5:2.5-3.
3. Transplanting density: Medium-sized plots with a suitable planting density of 1100 plants/667m2.
4. Topping: The center spends 50% open topped and leaves 18 to 20 leaves.
5. Harvesting: The lower leaves should be ripe and early harvest, and the middle leaves should be mature and mature, and the upper 4-6 leaves should be harvested once they are fully matured.
6. Baking: use a three-stage baking process to bake, yellowing temperature 36-38 Â°C, dry and wet bulb temperature difference 2-3 Â°C, coloring period 54-55 Â°C dry film, dry gluten phase temperature does not exceed At 68Â°C, the water content of the middle and lower leaves was slightly higher than that of the K326. Attention was paid to timely ventilation and humidity removal.
7. Not suitable for CMV, TMV, PVY, root-knot nematode disease areas.
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